Performing imaging tests is an important part of diagnosing medical conditions. If you suspect you have a condition because of the symptoms you’ve experienced, imaging tests by a doctor can help you determine whether or not it’s present. Since there are various types of imaging tests available, let’s dive deeper into several of the most common ones.


X-ray equipment is typically a table with an x-ray machine above you or a stationary x-ray machine that you stand in front of so that pictures can be taken. The purpose of x-rays is to capture images that are ideal for looking at bones and foreign objects in tissues. 

Some of the most common conditions diagnosed with x-rays include fractured bones, injuries, infections, arthritis, osteoporosis, and gastrointestinal problems. 

CT Scans

CT scans take detailed images of bones, tissues, and blood vessels. They are ideal for diagnosing cancer or tumors and evaluating emergency situations. A CT scanner looks like a wide tunnel where the images are taken and a table that slides through a tunnel. 

Trauma-related injuries, infections, brain injuries like concussions, stroke, lung cancer, and vascular diseases are often diagnosed via CT scans.

MRI Exams

MRI scans create detailed 3D images of soft tissues and are typically used to diagnose tendon or ligament injuries and identify spinal cord problems. Although an MRI machine is larger than a CT scanner, its tunnel is usually narrower. 

Multiple sclerosis, internal bleeding, joint problems, tumors, pelvic issues, and tendon injuries are several examples of conditions MRI exams may reveal and/or confirm.


Sonography/Ultrasound give clear pictures of soft tissues and their movements. In addition, they find images of blood flow through the vessels. During an ultrasound, a special ultrasound gel is applied directly to your skin and connected to a machine that uses a small probe and computer screen. Sonography/Ultrasound can show the causes of a heart attack as well as the causes of pain, swelling and inflammation. In addition, they can uncover blood clots and blood flow issues.

Contact SpineRad for a Second Opinion 

At SpineRad we use your imaging exams/studies to give you the explanation and information you are seeking. If you need more information, please contact us.